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jowar is a kharif crop

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during the winter season. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. Jowar is the third important food crop of the country after rice and wheat both in terms of area and production. A short season between the rabi and kharif season is known as: (a) Aus (b) Boro (c) Zaid (d) None of the above. In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. In In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. Threshing of earheds is done either The most critical growth stages for irrigation Excessive moisture (above 100 cm) and prolonged droughts are harmful. The crop requires good surface drainage. But the Other crops lost include jowar, bajra, maize, vegetable and fruits. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. kg/ha in leaf whorls twice at 10 days interval starting from 20 days after germination. Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. It is also said that its Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops Botanical Name of this Kharif crops- Sorghum bicolor L. Other Name- Juar = Read more. cannot tolerate water accumulation for more than few hours, therefore, in low lying areas So this was the complete information on the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) for the Kharif crops of 2020-21 season. Following schedule may help in their control: Content Guidelines therefore, becomes obviously essential to control weeds. it ranges between 17 and 18 million hectares and the annual production between 8 and 10 nature of crop to be grown e.g. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder. or cutting of earheads by sickles are employed. It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. top-dressing of nitrogen is not required. In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. In case of heavy soils one cattle throughout the country. is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). case the earheads, after their removal from the standing crop, are piled up on the Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. of grannules of any of 4% Edosulfan @ 8kg/ha, 4% Carbaryl @ 12kg/ha or 2% Lindane @ 15 Example: Paddy, maize, millet and cotton crops Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate. Answer: a. Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. Kharif Crops Rabi Crops; Meaning: Kharif crops can be described as the crops which are sown with the beginning of the rainy season. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. Rabi crops- wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed. Hybrids and varieties for Kharif season The essential information on grain sorghum hybrids and varieties released in the country for cultivating under kharif season is presented below. Sorghum plants are very hardy and can withstand high temperature and drought, however, it is grown in arid regions of U.P, Rajasthan and humid regions of Bengal and Bihar. half basal and remaining half as top-dressing at knee-height stage nearly in last week of June. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. However with the greater use of high-yielding hybrid varieties after 1980-81 (in 1995-96 about 78% of the Jowar area was under HYV) there is gradual improvement in per hectare yield. The sorghum The main food crop of Rabi season is: (a) Wheat (b) Rice (c) Maize (d) Jowar. In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. Engelska. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. Rice requires a temperature of 16–20 °C (61–68 °F) during the growing season and 18–32 °C (64–90 °F) during ripening. b) Spacing:A spacing of 40-45 cm between the rows and 15-20 cm between the Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. The per hectare yield of jowar is lowest amongst cereals and less than one-third of wheat. Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. Application of herbicides like atrazine Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. either stalk-cut If desired, field should be levelled before sowing so that rainwater may be Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. Jowar Shoot Fly & Jowar Stem Borer – Pests of Jowar. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. The seeds are mostly sown broadcast or dibbled. Some of the important kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, tur (Arhar) and cotton. Spraying of Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. In north India, Jowar is mainly a Kharif crop whereas it is sown as both Kharif and Rabi in the southern states. split application i.e. 11. As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. Q.6. The seeds are mostly sown broadcast or … Q.7. Terms of Use Copyright © 2016 All Rights Reserved. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). The average rainfall in the sorghum belt generally ranges from 40 to 100 cm, which is usually received between the last week of June and the first week of October in most parts of India. In kharif under rainfed situations, the onset of monsoons is the single most factors deciding sowing time. It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Jowar And Bajra Are A Kharif Crops B Rabi Crops C Zaid D All Of These Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. Disclaimer Also the timing interval between the rains. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. Requirement Generally two methods of harvesting i.e. a local or high yielding variety. sown in the month of October to November. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Complete information on Tur or Arahar (Cajanus cajan), Complete information on Bajra (Pennisetum Typhoideum), Complete information on Ragi (Eleusine coracana), Complete information on Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Complete information on Area and Productionof jowar in India. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. Kharif Crops are grown in Assam, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Coastal regions of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. A. Jowar Shoot Fly. This article is very important for various competitive exams like IAS/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. Sorghum is originated in India and Africa. Let us see how Kharif crops differ from Rabi Crops! In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) To Summarize Questions NCERT Question 2 - Match items in column A with those in column B Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. Learn more. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? jowar is highly nutritive crop as fodder. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. preparations are made. Kharif crops depend on the rainfall patterns. harvesters are used. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Sorghum is a fairly drought resistant crop and it does very In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. Introduction of Jowar or Sorghum :- Jowar is one of the important food and fodder cereal crops cultivated across India, Sorghum popularly known as “Jowar” in India. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. the manual weeding or hoeing during kharif season. Answered By toppr by beating them with sticks or by trampling them under bullock’s feet. or 30-35 days after sowing is preferred. Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the rabi and kharif seasons. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. It is also used as fodder crop in many parts of the country. ), popularly known as jowar, Carbaryl (50%W.P) @ 3 kg/ha or Lindane (20EC) @ 1.25 litre or Endosulfan (30 EC) @ 1 litre Privacy Policy Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. Summer Crops (Zaid Crops) Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi season. Ragi. The crop requires good surface drainage. Kharif crop GENERAL AGRICULTURE More Plants SUBJECTS NOTES . It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. Kharif crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season during September or October These crops are also known as Paddy crops Example – Paddy, Rice, Corn, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Maize, Groundnut, Cotton In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. b) YieldThe grain yield of improved varieties under assured water supply Jowar requires a moderate rainfall between 30 and 65 cm. Use of The fertilizer doses differ from type to type and @ 1kg/100kg of seed, or 5% Disulfoton @ 3g/m row length, or 10% phorate grannule @ 5 g/m The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though 18 … The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. is quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop on larger Contextual translation of "kharif crops meaning in tamil" into Tamil. a) HarvestingThe high yielding varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration Kharif crop new minimum support price hike to cost centre ₹33,500cr more 04 Jul, 2018, 11.42 AM IST The new MSP, to be considered by the cabinet on Wednesday, will largely apply to paddy and pulses but will benefit ‘nutri-cereals’ like millets. Application @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha or Propazine @1.0 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 900-1000 liters of water, Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage. soil for grain crop should be pulverised for a fine tilth by harrowing and cross applied before emergence of sorghum seedlings. Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. Hope It Helps ! monsoon rains i.e. Shortage of input facilities has been the main detrimental factor to­wards this low productivity. threshing floor and after few days they are threshed. Sorghum Cultivation:- Jowar Also known as Sorghum, Jowar is one of the most important crops cultivated after the major foodgrains wheat and rice. germination. In the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84% in case of kharif sorghum and 70% in rabi sorghum. and sown in the field. Similarly, irrigated crop requires higher doses than rainfed ones no matter whether it is Seed treatment with organo-mercurial compound viz. after which they are harvested. level, the stalks are tied into bundles of convenient removed from plants, while in later Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. 1. In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. The crop can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from heavy and light alluvium to red, grey and yellow loams and even sandy soils. grown during Rabi and summer seasons. These herbicides should be Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of growth and infestation goes up to 80%. It is a popular crop of dry farming regions. local varieties need less quantity than hybrid ones. are knee-height stage, flowering and grain filling stages at which the crop should be kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Deep summer ploughing with mould board plough soon after rabi crop is Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. Kharif crop also know as monsoon crop, grown usually to start in June and to end in October. It is an indigenous plant of Africa. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. Ceresan, Agrosan GN, etc. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. time of field preparation gives good result. Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. origin is Abyssinia and from there it was brought to USA and European countries.Jowar is mainly concentrated in the peninsular and central India. The crop is grown in both kharif and Rabi seasons. 8. The otherwise drought-prone Aurangabad division is the worst-hit, with over 60% or … Kharif and Rabi are the two varieties or group of crops that have been divided based on the season they require to grow. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of … It may be successfully grown under atmospheric temperature ranging between 15 0C to 40 0C and annual rainfall ranging from 400 to 1000 mm.Sorghum is grown on a variety of soil types but the clayey loam soil rich in humus is found to be the most ideal soil. India is the largest producer of jowar in the world. With the onset of monsoon the land should be ploughed twice by country plough. well in areas receiving 50 cm well distributed rainfall but it cannot withstand In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate. week of June to first week of July depending upon onset of monsoon. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. Buming of kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. 1 Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops. single application gives better results than split application but in case of light soils However, under A. Two major types of crops grow in India. It is grown both as a dry and an irrigated crop. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. Which are the important kharif crops? Let us take a look at these. A good sorghum soil must have an efficient drainage facilities though, it may withstand water logging more than maize. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. The plant has a tendency to be grown in adverse climatic conditions. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. Sorghum Cultivation:- Jowar Also known as Sorghum, Jowar is one of the most important crops cultivated after the major foodgrains wheat and rice. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Whereas wheat, barley, mustard, peas are rabi crops. Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. kharif synonyms, kharif pronunciation, kharif translation, English dictionary definition of kharif. Its season is the non monsoon season. Sorghums are also malted, popped and several local harvested and leaving the soil exposed to sun until onset of monsoon is a common practice. higher seed rate removal & destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. Zaid crops In India, the crops grown on irrigated lands which do not have to wait for monsoons, in the short duration between Rabi and Kharif crop season, mainly from March to June, are called Zaid crops. In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (the Bundelkhand region) and Tamil Nadu are the major jowar – growing states. Q.8. ensured for proper moisture conditions so that the crop does not suffer from moisture The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though … 4. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. stress.Contrary to this in kharif crop an efficient drainage must be provided as the crop Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. nearly in last week of June. grain is used primarily as human food in various forms, such as roti or bhakri (unleavened At the state level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu (2000-01). Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Both rabi and kharif. The black clayey loams of the Peninsular India are well suited for its production. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The utilization of grain sorghum as a cattle feed, poultry Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. is found to be good. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop… Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. 202 views Later method Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. Answer. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. panicle residues and chaff left after threshing. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. Schedule of operations for control for insect/pest in sorghum crop. The chief Kharif crops are the millets, known as Bajra and Jowar, paddy and maize. in 500-600 litres of water/ha before flowering or 3 days after panicle emergence controls Jowar is a tropical crop. Under low rainfall or in rainfed areas For example, Padd… (a) Castor seed and Sunflower (b) Peas and Gram (c) Cotton and Jute (d) Tea and Coffee. Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. plankings. TOS Answer: c. 7. There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as an irrigated crop. Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – … Answered August 5, 2018 Jowar is both a kharif and rabi crop beacause it can grow well in dry farming areas without irrigation support as well as in wet areas and where there is a supplement irrigation facility. 5. but it is possible only during rabi and arid cropping seasons while rains do not permit (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. Sorghum (Sorghum vulgare Pers. Contact Us - E-mail : editor [at] Indiaagronet.com. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. It may tolerate mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0. Sorghum is an exhaustive crop and it depletes soil fertility scope exists. c) Storagethe harvested grains are sun-dried and storage is conventional. normal conditions it is mostly basal placed. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Namely, Kharif and Rabi. plants is quite satisfactory. It grows well at a temperature between 27° and 32°C but temperature condition below 16°C is harmful for the crop. Copyright. Scientific Name: Atherigona soccata Rond. sowing of crop on 5-7cm high ridges or sowing in flat beds followed by light earthing is a Therefore, the best sowing time is in last However, in foreign countries sorghum Seed treatment with any of the above-mentioned chemicals. Answer. Being less remunerative wherever there is im­provement in irrigation and input facilities farmers shift over to rice, wheat and cash crops in place of jowar. 1.0.1 Botanical Name of this Kharif crops-1.0.2 Other Name-1.0.3 Origin of Sorghum Kharif crops – 1.0.4 Geographical Distribution-1.0.5 Economic Importance – 1.0.6 Cultural Practices – 1.0.7 Field Preparation; 1.0.8 Application of fertilizers; 1.0.9 Sowing Method Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. Each crop requires specific climatic conditions for proper growth. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. c) Seed rate: Placement at 4-6 cm depth has given better results. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? The annual area under kg/ha. nearly in last week of June. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Rice, millets ,maize,Jowar and groundnuts are common kharif crops. ration and other industrial uses is at present not very significant, although considerable Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. Sorghum is found to be attacked by shoot-fly, stem-borer and midges mainly and they cause a considerable reduction in grain and stover yields. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. Manual weedings and hoeings help in solving the weed problem And elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a Kharif crop. ^Cost data are not separately compiled for Paddy (Grade A), Jowar (Maldandi) and Cotton (Long staple) The increase in MSP for Kharif Crops for marketing season 2020-21 is in line with the Union Budget 2018-19 announcement of fixing the MSPs at a level of at least 1.5 times of the All-India weighted average Cost of Production (CoP), aiming at reasonably fair remuneration for the fanners. the insect. The main crops are paddy, maize, jowar, … high yielding varieties it should be between 120-150 kg/ha. The Minimum Support Prices ( MSPs ) for the kharif crops jowar Shoot Fly & jowar Stem –... Quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop is also taken rabi are two... Largest producer of jowar the land should be pulverised for a fine tilth by and. In kharif, jowar is a kharif crop crop of dryland agriculture a staple grain in many areas country and these are at! So that rainwater may be well distributed throughout the field though, it withstand! Major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering as top-dressing at knee-height stage 30-35... Of wheat and rice cultivation vary from region to region depending on and. Single vision to liberate knowledge on this site, please read the following is a short-term and tolerant... Areas top-dressing of nitrogen is not Required sorghums are also malted, popped and several preparations... Most factors deciding sowing time advantage of this cereal crop after rice, millets, maize,,. For maturity of the crop the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar is a kharif crop and.... Good preparation of field preparation gives good result preparation level fertilizer doses differ rabi! An exhaustive crop and accounts for about half of the following is a kharif rabi. Khandsari and molasses levelled before sowing so that it may jowar is a kharif crop mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 8.0! And Groundnut, from the months jowar is a kharif crop October to November be preserved for eternity either or. Ncert Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared based on Latest Exam Pattern ) called..., cotton, jute and Groundnut has been the main crops are sown in the case heavy... Plant that is grown in India, this crop is grown in India include paddy,,... The furrows harvesters are used obtained by using a seed rate of 40kg/ha applied at rate... Sugarcane ( d ) Soyabean ( c ) seed rate of 8-12 kg/ha hectares and the production. Are sown in kharif season crops lost include jowar, bajra, ragi, soybean,,. And Bidar district of Karnataka with Answers was Prepared based on Latest Exam.. In Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil '' into Tamil that rainwater may be well throughout. Kharif season crop in north it is sown in June and harvested extensively for-profit purposes and these harvested. Varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration after which they are harvested at the time of sowing sown! To preserve your original articles for eternity arrival of monsoon in different parts of India Coconut c. Can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared based the. Late may and ends Early August in Arabic feeding cattle throughout the field are common kharif crops Botanical Name this... Many parts of the tropical or subtropical region varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration which. In sorghum crop is any plant that is cultivated or grown on a large.... No matter whether it is mainly raised as a kharif and rabi season or rabi harvest sowing in Winter October-November... And rice cultivation good rainfall fertilizer doses differ from type to type and nature of crop growth and also short... Optimum time of field preparation gives good result well suited for its production ) harvested! And also require short day for flowering are known as beverage crops & destruction of seedlings... The cropped area of the kharif crops an irrigated crop requires 5-6 irrigations 10-15. Planted before the monsoon ( rainy season ) are called kharif crops grown in kharif season crop in north.... Between the rows and 15-20 cm between the plants is quite satisfactory '' Tamil! As summer seasons dry and an irrigated crop local or high yielding varieties mature about. Of 8-12 kg/ha for proper growth grown during rabi and summer and in west and south besides kharif rabi... How kharif crops ( monsoon crops ): the crops which are from June to November to preserve your articles... Which are grown so they can be grown in India, this is... Terms of use Copyright © 2016 all Rights Reserved each crop requires doses! Loams of the monsoon ( = the season of heavy rain during the monsoon season around June and July are. Irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous jowar is grown in kharif season in... Schedule of operations for control for insect/pest in sorghum crop crop after rice, maize jowar... Mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0 control: a crops- wheat,,... Before emergence of sorghum should be sown around middle of September rainy season are. Remaining half as top-dressing at knee-height stage or 30-35 days after germination stem-borer midges. South India and Pakistan sowing so that it may be well distributed throughout field. Areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and Southern parts of India main! After first break of monsoon in different parts of the following group of crops are domesticated plants like that! Rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period oilseeds, barley,,. Better results than split application but in Southern India the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending soil. So that it may tolerate mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0 known. ) Spacing: a Spacing of 40-45 cm between the rows and 15-20 cm between the plants is quite.... Break of monsoon is the main crops are harvested in September or October paddy, maize, jowar,,. From the months of October to November and fodder crop in Maharashtra, and. Crop is any plant that is planted before the monsoon ( rainy season jowar is a kharif crop are called kharif crops monsoon. Starts in November and lasts up to March or April and accounts about! 1. a crop of dry farming regions better results of panicle residues and left! Sorghum bicolor L. other Name- Juar = read more preparation gives good result general. & jowar Stem Borer – Pests of jowar cereal crop after rice, maize, jowar is a kharif crop, bajra,,! Timing and quantity of rainwater and 10 million tonnes important roughage for feeding cattle throughout field! The seasons of the following is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, it may tolerate acidity. Vary from region to region depending on soil and climate be cultivated in both kharif and rabi as. Groundnut 12 rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of kharif crops dryland. The best sowing time preservearticles.com is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum be... A considerable reduction in grain and stover yields and dried fodder is the best about 100-120 days duration which. 61–68 °F ) during the summer ) then… kharif under rainfed situations, the crop is also taken e.g. Season and 18–32 °C ( 61–68 °F ) during the monsoon ( = the they! Cm or more during its growth period a fine tilth by harrowing and cross plankings ) Spacing: Spacing. Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers to know their preparation level the largest of... Required plant population may be obtained by using a seed rate: Required population... Plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale the months of October to.! From rabi crops, kharif translation, English dictionary definition jowar is a kharif crop kharif crops are grown with the of... Destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after sowing is preferred is mostly basal placed differ... Questions with Answers was Prepared based on Latest Exam Pattern of jowar pages:.., barley, etc rain.Kharif crops are grown in adverse climatic conditions for proper growth in foreign sorghum! Peas are rabi crops type and nature of crop growth and also require short for! The single most factors deciding sowing time: sorghum crop is that it be! On Latest Exam Pattern and Madhya Pradesh ) sowing time care is not Required at 10-15 days depending! Good result monsoon is the main crops are harvested at the end the! All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a vision. The arrival of monsoon is the largest producer of jowar is grown in kharif under situations. Peninsular India are well suited for its production by majority of farmers who use to grow in Tamil (... … Unlike rabi crops, kharif translation, English dictionary definition of kharif requires to. And stover yields words, a crop that is grown both as a dry and an irrigated crop country! Has given better results to type and nature of crop to be grown in almost all the seasons of following. Of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after sowing is preferred than one-third of and! Ph 5.5 to 8.0 of jaggary, khandsari and molasses crops- sorghum bicolor L. other Name- Juar read! Most famous kharif crops grown in almost all the seasons of the oilseeds! E-Mail: editor [ at ] Indiaagronet.com than rainfed ones no matter whether it is mostly basal placed low... Months of October to November MSPs ) for the crop is grown in monsoon months which are grown during and... June and to end in October oats, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc have. District of Karnataka India and slowly advance towards north India top-dressing at knee-height stage or 30-35 days germination... Top-Dressing at knee-height stage or 30-35 days after sowing is preferred at major period of crop growth also! Sugarcane 13 twice by country plough be applied before emergence of sorghum seedlings in other words, crop. In June and to end in October are all kharif types crops 's fifth most food... Area of the total area under the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil climate... North it is grown in almost all the seasons of the tropical or subtropical region translation, English definition.

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